Le successeur de Rollon. A daughter of Cadlinar and Beollán named Nithbeorg was abducted by an Icelandic Viking named Helgi Ottarsson,[23][24] and became the mother of the poet Einarr Helgason and grandmother of Guðrún Ósvífrsdóttir (protagonist of the Laxdœla saga). ----- Rollon, jarl des Normands : Considéré par les historiens comme le 1er duc de Normandie et le fondateur du duché normand, il ne porte pourtant pas le titre de " duc de Normandie " mais seulement celui de " jarl des Normands ", l'équivalent scandinave de comte, et le titre de comte de Rouen. [48], 9th and 10th-century Viking and later count of Normandy, Rollo and his followers are referred to as, "Globetrotting Vikings: To the Gates of Paris", "The Deeds of Count Roger of Calabria & Sicily & of Duke Robert Guiscard his brother, Geoffery Malaterra", "Was Viking Ruler Rollo Danish or Norwegian? Le chef viking récupère alors l’équivalent aujourd’hui de la Seine-Maritime et d’une partie de l’Eure. De Rollon sont issues la majeure partie des familles royales européennes. Cet article présente la descendance de Rollon de Normandie. [47] Rollo's dynasty was able to survive through a combination of ruthless military actions and infighting among the Frankish aristocracy, which left them severely weakened and unable to combat the Rouen Vikings' growing determination to stay put.[47]. ), Étude sur la vie et la mort de Guillaume Longue Épée, Paris, Picard, 1893, p. 61-68 Rollon et ses descendants vont s’attacher à agrandir cette « première » Normandie. Rollon, banni du royaume de Norvège en 874, prend la tête d'une bande de pillards vikings, mettant à sac les côtes de la Mer du Nord et de la Manche, aussi bien en Angleterre que sur le continent. In return for formal recognition of the lands he possessed, Rollo agreed to be baptised and assisted the king in defending the realm. The seal of agreement was to be marriage between Rollo and Gisla, daughter of Charles. Dudo claimed that Gisla was a legitimate daughter of Charles. Un poème [2] écrit peu après la mort de Guillaume Longue-Épée révèle qu'il est né outre-mer, d'une mère chrétienne et d'un père encore païen. [34] However a diplomatic child betrothal need not be doubted. [37] It is still unclear as to whether Rollo was being given lordship over the Vikings already settled in the region in order to domesticate and restrain them, or the Franks around Bayeux in order to protect them from other Viking leaders settled in eastern Brittany and the Cotentin peninsula. In 911, Robert I of France, brother of Odo, again defeated another band of Viking warriors in Chartres with his well-trained horsemen. However, Dudo's Historia Normannorum (or Libri III de moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum) was commissioned by Rollo's grandson, Richard I of Normandy and – while Dudo likely had access to family members and/or other people with a living memory of Rollo – this fact must be weighed against the text's potential biases, as an official biography. [23][24] Ketill Flatnose's ancestors were said to have come from Møre – Rollo's ancestral home in the Icelandic sources. La Normandie doit son origine et son nom aux Vikings. Adèle de Normandie, duchesse d'Aquitaine, morte le 14 octobre 962, est une princesse du Moyen Âge, fille de Rollon le Marcheur et de Poppa de Bayeux, et la sœur du duc normand Guillaume Longue-Épée. Descendance de Rollon; Sources [modifier | modifier le code] Complainte de Guillaume Longue Épée, J. Lair (éd. [citation needed] Benoît says elsewhere in the Chronique that Rollo is Danish.[19]. L'origine exacte de ce guerrier est difficile à définir. This has since been variously interpreted as referring to Faxe, in Sjælland (Denmark), Fauske, in Sykkulven (Norway), or perhaps a more obscure settlement that has since been abandoned or renamed. Rollon de Normandie (?-928/933), jarl de Normandie This has puzzled many historians, but recently the puzzle has been resolved by recognition that this refers to Guthrum, the Danish leader whom Alfred the Great baptised with the baptismal name Athelstan, and then recognised as king of the East Angles in 880. Other historians have identified Rollo with Hrólf the Walker (Norse Göngu-Hrólfr; Danish Ganger-Hrólf) from the 13th-century Icelandic sagas, Heimskringla and Orkneyinga Saga. Linear motion systems leaders, since 1975. Medieval sources contradict each other regarding whether Rollo's family was Norwegian or Danish in origin. [45] However, the skeletal remains in both graves turned out to significantly predate Rollo and therefore are not related to him. De fait, les autres textes évoquant ce même Öxna-Þórir ne mentionnent pas de Göngu-Hrólfr parmi sa descendance . On taking his oath of fealty, Rollo divided the lands between the rivers Epte and Risle among his chieftains, and settled in the de facto capital Rouen. Gisant de Rollon. L’amusement , c’est de faire un arbre de descendance jusqu’à vous avec l’illustre personnage de votre choix ( roi Anglo-Saxon, roi de Pologne, de France, d’Italie , de Germanie Rollon chef viking etc .. Rollon répousera Poppa rapidemment après. Descendance de Rollon. En pratique : Quelles sources sont attendues ? C’est finalement Guillaume le Conquérant, l’arrière-arrière-arrière petit-fils de Rollon, qui achève vers 1050 la conquête de ce que nous appelons aujourd’hui la Normandie. According to the medieval Irish text An Banshenchas and Icelandic sources, another daughter, Cadlinar (Kaðlín; Kathleen) was born in Scotland (probably to a Scots mother) and married an Irish prince named Beollán mac Ciarmaic, later King of South Brega (Lagore). Rollo, latinisation du nom Hrólfr, est un chef scandinave, danois ou norvégien, qui a pris part aux raids menés par les siens en Angleterre et dans le royaume franc depuis les années 841. After the Siege of Chartres in 911, Charles the Simple, the king of West Francia, gifted them lands between the mouth of the Seine and what is now Rouen in exchange for Rollo agreeing to end his brigandage, swearing allegiance to him, religious conversion and a pledge to defend the Seine's estuary from Viking raiders. [26], According to Dudo, Rollo struck up a friendship in England with a king called Alstem. │ ├─> Guillaume I er de Normandie (?-942), jarl de Normandie de 927 à 942 │ x 935/940 Liutgarde de Vermandois (925-977) │ │ │ x … Quoiqu’il en soit, la tradition païenne scandinave se … [39], Rollo's son and heir, William Longsword, and grandchild, Richard the Fearless, forged the Duchy of Normandy into West Francia's most cohesive and formidable principality. [44] On 29 February 2016 Norwegian researchers opened Richard the Good's tomb and found a lower jaw with eight teeth in it. Rollo, through his descendent William I of England, the seventh Duke of Normandy, is a 32nd great-grandfather of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. [46], After Rollo's death, his male-line descendants continued to rule Normandy until 1204, when it was lost by John Lackland to the French King Philip Augustus. Today, historians still disagree on this question, but most would now agree that a certain conclusion can never be reached. [33] It has therefore been speculated that she could have been an illegitimate daughter. William Longsword, 2nd Duke of Normandy (893-942) 3. Généalogie Rollon de Normandie (?-928/933), jarl de Normandie x Poppa de Bayeux (?-?) Rollon livre de nombreuses batailles, dont le siège de Paris et de Chartres. Hrólf the Walker was so named because he "was so big that no horse could carry him". │ ├─> Guillaume I er de Normandie (?-942), jarl de Normandie de 927 à 942 │ x 935/940 Liutgarde de Vermandois (925-977) │ │ │ x … Following the death of their father, Gurim was killed and Rollo was forced to leave Denmark. [36], Given Rouen and its hinterland in return for the alliance with the Franks, it was agreed upon that it was in the interest of both Rollo himself and his Frankish allies to extend his authority over Viking settlers. [15] Dudo appears to have been the main source for William of Jumièges (after 1066) and Orderic Vitalis (early 12th century), although both include additional details. [38], Rollo died sometime between a final mention of him by Flodoard in 928, and 933, the year in which a third grant of land, usually identified as being the Cotentin and Avranchin areas, was given to his son and successor William. He emerged as the outstanding warrior among the Norsemen who had secured a permanent foothold on Frankish soil in the valley of the lower Seine. Descendance de Rollon. Rollo of Normandy (860-932) 2. ↑ Descendance de Rollon a Wikipédia FR, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia [], trouvée 2016. The attendant bishops urged Rollo to kiss the king's foot to prove his allegiance. Le chroniqueur Adémar de Chabannes (988-1034) expliqua que Rollon, peu avant de mourir, aurait ordonné le sacrifice d’une centaine de chrétiens en offrande aux Dieux que le traité de Saint-Clair-sur-Epte lui avait fait rejeter. [18], A chronicler named Benoît (probably Benoît de Sainte-More) wrote in the mid-12th-century Chronique des ducs de Normandie that Rollo had been born in a town named "Fasge". comtesse de Montbéliard,de Bar, de Mousson et de Ferrette, comte de Montbéliard,de Bar, de Mousson et de Ferrette, comtesse de Blois, de Châteaudun, de Chartres, de Reims, de Tours, de Beauvais, de Provins et de Sancerre, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Descendance_de_Rollon&oldid=171638002, Article manquant de références depuis octobre 2014, Article manquant de références/Liste complète, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. [27][28], Dudo recorded that when Rollo controlled Bayeux by force, he carried off with him the beautiful Popa or Poppa, a daughter of Berenger, Count of Rennes. The question of Rollo's Danish or Norwegian origins was a matter of heated dispute between Norwegian and Danish historians of the 19th and early 20th century, particularly in the run-up to Normandy's 1000-year-anniversary in 1911. Rollo took the baptismal name Robert, as it was custom to take the name of ones godfather. A character, broadly inspired by the historical Rollo but including many events from before the real Rollo was born, played by Clive Standen, is Ragnar Lothbrok's brother in the History Channel television series Vikings. Exclusif. Boujou. Le titre de duc, comme le nom de duché, ne s’imposant vraiment qu’à partir du 11ème siécle, Rollon, Jarl des Normands, porte alors le titre de prince ou de comte, selon les us de l’époque ; un titre qui lui confére la plupart des attributs dévolus à la puissance royale, y compris le contrôle de l’Église. Rollon [1] (mort entre 928 et 933) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie.En 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. One of Rollo's great-grandsons and a contemporary of Dudo was known as Robert the Dane. In part, this disparity may result from the indifferent and interchangeable usage in Europe, at the time, of terms such as "Vikings", "Northmen", "Swedes", "Danes", "Norwegians" and so on (in the Medieval Latin texts Dani vel Nortmanni means 'Danes or Northmen'). Il se fait baptiser en la cathédrale de Rouen sous le prénom de Robert. Les résultats inattendus de l’enquête scientifique à Fécamp réalisée par des chercheurs norvégiens sur la descendance de Rollon viennent d’être révélés. Il établit son camp à l'embouchure de la Seine en 896, remonte plusieurs fois le fleuve avec ses navires, prend Rouen et menace Paris qu'il vient assiéger vainement en 910. Rollon [1] (mort vers 932) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie.En septembre 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. Descendants of Viking Ruler Rollo Rognvaldsson Generation 1 1. Doué d’un vrai sens politique, le premier duc de … He died in 932 AD in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France. Ce chef viking, qui a parcouru les mers et a pillé le royaume, devient le premier maître de la Normandie. These settlers were presumed to be Rollo and his associates, moving their authority westward from the Seine valley. When Charles III abdicated the throne to Rudolph of France, Rollo felt that his pledge and oaths to the kings of France null and void, and began raiding in the west to expand his territory, putting pressure on other rulers to propose another compromise. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. In addition, both Irish and Icelandic sources suggest that Rollo, as a young man, visited or lived in Scotland, where he had a daughter named Cadlinar (Kaðlín, 'Kathleen'). "[31] Dudo retrospectively stated that this pact took place in 911 at Saint-Clair-sur-Epte. Descendance de Rollon. Généalogie Rollon de Normandie (?-928/933), jarl de Normandie x Poppa de Bayeux (?-?) As was the custom, Rollo took the baptismal name Robert, after his godfather Robert I. [10][11], Rollo was born in the mid-9th century; his place of birth is almost definitely located in the region of Scandinavia, although it is uncertain whether he is Danish or Norwegian. Comment ajouter mes sources ? The earliest well-attested historical event associated with Rollo is his part in leading the Vikings who besieged Paris in 885–886 but were fended off by Odo of France.[12][13][14]. [6] The offspring of Rollo and his followers through their intermingling with the indigenous Frankish and Gallo-Roman population of the lands they settled became known as the "Normans". Bien que modestes, les Creully de Saint Clair méritaient qu’on les étudiât, ne serait-ce que par leur origine royale et pour disposer d’un travail exhaustif sur la descendance agnatique de Rollon… 1 Rollon prit dans Bayeux une très noble jeune fille, nommée Popa, fille de Bérenger, homme illustre ; peu de temps après, il ... morte en 985 [voir descendance de CHARLEMAGNE], XX more danico 3 avec Sprota (concubine légitime), fille de Bernard Ier [voir dans descendance de The need for an agreement was particularly urgent when Robert I, successor of Charles III, was killed in 923. [30] The earliest record is from 918, in a charter of Charles III to an abbey, which referred to an earlier grant to "the Normans of the Seine", namely "Rollo and his associates" for "the protection of the kingdom. However, Ketill was a common name in Norse societies,[25] as were names like Gurim and Grim. Ce chef viking, qui a parcouru les mers et a pillé le royaume, devient le premier maître de … After the Norman conquest of England and their conquest of southern Italy and Sicily over the following two centuries, their descendants came to rule Norman England (the House of Normandy), much of the island of Ireland, the Kingdom of Sicily (the Kings of Sicily) as well as the Principality of Antioch from the 10th to 12th century, leaving behind an enduring legacy in the histories of Europe and the Near East.