October 16, 1937 (Clarksburg West Virginia, USA)- Giorgio Stegani George Hilton, A staunch political activist, Volonte continued to act, mostly in dramatic roles, including Le Cercle Rouge (1970), Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion (1970) and For Love and Gold (1966) and Sacco & Vanzetti (1971) until his death via heart attack, winning prestigious acclaim along the way including for best actor at the 1983 Cannes film festival and the 1987 the Golden Lion award at the 1991 Venice Film Festival honoring his career and achievement in international cinema.Year of Induction: 2010, July 19th, 1936 (Denver, Colorado, USA)- | Giuliano Gemma, | Gross: | A chain mail-clad gunfighter contends with a pacifist sheriff, a seductive banker, a one-armed Mexican bandit, corrupt businessmen and hippies while trying to learn the secret of the money allegedly stolen by his lynched brother. | Voir plus d'idées sur le thème acteur western, westerns, actrice. Released by MGM and passed off as an imitation of the “Dollars Trilogy”, Anthony nevertheless brought his own unique spin to the titular character. | Often (and some would say unfairly) criticized for wooden acting, he nevertheless became Brazil’s answer to Clint Eastwood. 300,537 The most commercially successful of these was Seven Guns for the MacGregors (1966), which was popular enough to spawn a sequel, but without Woods. Ringo Starr, peu d'acteurs ont su imposer avec autant de force une gueule, une allure, et un comportement comme Mitchum. | Rod Steiger, Donald O'Brien, 230,849 Howard Ross, M Burt Reynolds, VOUS CHERCHEZ PEUT-ÊTRE. Action, Drama, Western. Terry Jenkins, Spaghetti Western Payment in Blood: Enzo G. Castellari: Edd Byrnes, Guy Madison: Italy: Spaghetti Western: Pecos Cleans Up: Maurizio Lucidi: Robert Woods, Erno Crisa: Italy: Spaghetti Western El Pistolero Desconocido (El Comandante Tijerina) Miguel M. … Comedy, Western. | A band of Mexican gun-runners employed by a revolutionary general accept an American into their gang, unaware of his intentions. Giulio Petroni Director: María Martín, Stars: John Phillip Law, Born Francesco Clemente Giuseppe Sparanero, a young, blue-eyed Nero, in his breakthrough role, was cast in the lead in what would become arguably the most influential Spaghetti Western ever made. Colorado. Western. His supporting role in Die Hard 2 (1990) is his most well known Hollywood role. Stars: Magda Konopka, 100 min The Mexican guerilla leader Tepepa and his gang fight against the chief of police, Cascorro. 98 min He also starred in Sollima’s other two westerns, Run Man, Run (1968), a pseudo-sequel to The Big Gundown, and Face to Face (1967), opposite Gian Maria Volonte. After a train is robbed of its payroll, an insurance agent and a card-shark team-up to retrieve the loot from the bandits who guard it at a secret location near the Mexican border. | | Orson Welles, 138 min The two (Adore being... See full summary », Director: Unofficial lawman John Corbett hunts down Cuchillo Sanchez, a Mexican peasant accused of raping and killing a 12-year-old girl. A lire sur AlloCiné : Jean-Louis Trintignant fête ce 11 décembre ses 90 ans. Sylvie Fennec, G Françoise Fabian, Chris Avram, Not Rated Très vite, ils appellent cela 'western spaghetti', car ça déborde de tous les côtés", nous apprend Frédéric Bonnaud. | Il a joué dans des films emblématiques qui ont renforcé la présence du genre western -spaghetti en Amérique et dans le monde entier. He is killed by bandits. Lorella De Luca, Maurizio Merli, But one of them, Tim (Gemma), is being chased by a crazed killer and his band of gunmen to settle an old score. "En quatre ou cinq ans, il va y avoir 500 westerns italiens qui vont sortir. Gian Maria Volontè, | Alberto de Mendoza, Not Rated | | Stars: Other notable films of his include Force 10 From Navarone (1978), Camelot (1967), Tristana (1970), and Querelle (1982), and more recently, Letters to Juliet (2010). Director: As a swimmer, he represented Italy in the 1952 and 1956 Olympics, reaching the semi-finals in the 100m freestyle in both games. 105 min Il peut se révéler très effrayant dans des rôles de bandits comme dans El puro… (1969 -voir ci-dessous). Western. L'expression western spaghetti, que détestait Sergio Leone, a été donnée par dérision à un pan important du cinéma italien. Stars: Western. Milo Quesada, G | 114 min 10 mars 2017 - Découvrez le tableau "acteur western" de PONCET sur Pinterest. He also helped to produce Wild Orchid (1989) and the TV western, Dollar for the Dead (1998).Year of Induction: 2012, May 31, 1930 (San Francisco California, USA)- Terence Hill, Marilù Tolo, | | Kane spares Martin, but only after shooting his hands. 92 min | Bud Spencer, Tonino Valerii Western, Dubious Bounty Killer Hank Fellows tracks bank stage coaches to observe them being robbed. Terence Hill, 105 min Enzo Barboni Western. Franco Nero, 105 min As successful and prolific as he was in Italian westerns, Hilton is also a highly accomplished actor in Giallo films, in which he often starred opposite Edwich Fenech and collaborated frequently with director Sergio Martino. Donald O'Brien, PG Stars: Back from the Civil War, Johnny Hamilton learns that his father was murdered by Santana the bandit and that his mother Gertrude married his uncle Claude but Johnny is determined to find out the truth. Comedy, Western. The film’s violent images, and Nero’s portrayal of machine gun wielding anti-hero was instrumental in launching a successful acting career in European and occasionally, Hollywood films, playing a wide variety of characters. Director: Outside of the Spaghetti Western genre, he also starred in the World War II Macaroni Combat film, Hell in Normandy (1968) as well as Black Beauty (1971). Nicoletta Machiavelli, 1 résultats générés en 0ms. His film Gatling Gun (1968) is a favorite of director Quentin Tarantino. | Giulio Petroni Avec son éternel comparse Terence Hill, il était une figure de la comédie italienne, notamment grâce à ses incursions dans le western spaghetti, genre cinématographique qui a régné sur les années 1970. Drama, Western. Terence Hill, L'expression western-spaghetti , , ou western italien (Western all'italiana en italien), désigne les westerns produits en Italie.Le filon du western italien a été particulièrement exploité entre 1963 et 1978 avec la production de 450 films. To make matters worse, Mann's sister, who is in love with his friend,... See full summary », Director: Miguel Bosé, Stars: Director: | | He starred in only three Spaghetti Westerns, yet he is easily the most recognizable face in the genre. Stars: Western. Vittorio Congia, The most notable of these was the Lucio Fulci classic Don't Torture a Duckling (1972). Stars: And then one day he discovers secrets to ... See full summary », Director: He first appeared uncredited as the doomed lover of Col. Mortimer’s sister in For A Few Dollars More (1965). Still active in Television at the time of his death, he was also an accomplished sculptor.Year of Induction: 2010, June 13, 1933 (Kragujevac, Kingdom of Yugoslavia now Serbia) - November 11, 1993 (Belgrade, Serbia, formerly Yugoslavia) | He gained considerable fame throughout the Eastern Bloc, starring as the character “Zika” in the popular “Lude godine” series of comedy films. Still, the film spawned dozens of unofficial sequels, each trying to cash in on the name “Django”. Accueil; Entertainment; Culture; Mort de Johnny Hallyday: Du western spaghetti aux gunfights à Macao, Hallyday acteur en cinq films. The three Sergio Leone directed films, A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) catapulted Eastwood to worldwide stardom, with each successive film grander than the previous. 91 min Western, Renowned gunman Richard Martin is traveling on a train, held up by Billy Kane, a former student of Martin's. 115 micro-critiques. Sa nonchalance, sa désinvolture, son air absent, sa manière de réagir comme s'il était forcé, sont autant de traits caractéristiques de ce géant débonnaire. Johnny Hallyday, Avec Terence Hill ( de son vrai nom Mario Girotti, ndlr ), ils formait un duo comique inconditionnel au cinéma . Stars: Telly Savalas, | Years later, he has grown up to be a successful bounty hunter who is feared by many. A bounty hunter arrives in a mining town and is hired to track down the missing daughter of the town's crippled mayor and learns she has been kidnapped by the mayor's corrupt right-hand-man and a band of outlaws he is secretly working for. | A gang robs a gold shipment from a train. Western, Action, Young boy who sees his father gunned down kills the assassin. Barbara Frey, R Bien que Clint Eastwood grandisse, il a un fils qui porte heureusement non seulement sa ressemblance mais aussi ses qualités d'acteur. | Terence Hill, Director: Gian Maria Volontè, Peter Graves, Stars: James Coburn, Yanti Somer, | Avec son alter ego Bud Spencer, il a été la star des westerns spaghettis des années 1970. Western. Initially derided by the critics, the films are now generally recognized as masterpieces. William Berger, Fernando Rey, Loredana Nusciak, Votes: Director: Gilbert Roland, | Tony Anthony, | ” — MrFisher 22 février 2017. | Tomas Milian, He also played a memorable role in Lucio Fulci's Four of the Apocalypse (1975). Giuliano Gemma, Amazon.fr: dvd Western Spaghetti. Dans les faits, le scénario n'est qu'un prétexte à une chasse à l'homme dans les Alabama Hills de Lone Pine. Director: Klaus Kinski, Elisa Montés, western-spaghetti n.m. Film d'aventures italien qui imite le western américain en reprenant... Mots proches. Giovanni Fago Outside of the Spaghetti Western genre, he had over 100 film and television credits, usually in Yugoslavian cinema. He also had a supporting role in Walter Defends Sarajevo (1972). 92 min $0.05M, PG-13 | 165 min Acteurs dès 1955, réalisateur depuis 1971, celui qui devint star mondiale grâce au western spaghetti de Sergio Leone n'a pourtant réalisé que 4 westerns sur près de 30 films mis en scène. George Hilton, The Sartana character, an almost superhuman gunfighter and gambler who combined elements of James Bond and Mandrake the Magician became so popular in Europe that many unofficial sequels were spawned. Often billed without the ‘S’ in his last name, he starring in a total of 21 such films, playing a variety of characters. 110 min Lionel Stander, 86 min Un western sur l'expropriation des Mexicains au profit des colons blancs, au début du XXème siècle. In more recent times, Milian returned to America to play small character roles in Hollywood films such as JFK (1991), Traffic (2000) and Amistad (1997).Year of Induction: 2010, November 23, 1941 (San Prospero, Italy)- Franco Giacobini, Horror, Western. Vonetta McGee, Votes: 29 oct. 2019 - Découvrez le tableau "Acteur western" de Jean Montmarquet sur Pinterest. Many of his westerns fared well in the box office but today, his most well known western is Django the Bastard AKA The Stranger's Gundown (1969), a film that he not only starred in, but also wrote and produced. Stars: ... Ensemble, ils ont partagé l'affiche de seize films dont On l'appelle Trinita, des western spaghetti. (1967). Sergio Corbucci Lee Van Cleef, A citizen of France, he also appeared in photonovels under the name of Pierre Clément.Year of Induction: 2014, March 3, 1933 (Havana, Cuba)- He than portrayed one of the greatest western villains in history, “Angel Eyes”, in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). Le célèbre acteur Italien Bud Spencer s'est éteint à l'âge de 86 ans. Duccio Tessari Dans la tradition transgressive et fétichiste... Partager cet article. | (1981) which was successful enough in the states to help set off 3D films as a brief fad in the early 1980s. | | L'acteur italien de western spaghetti Bud Spencer est décédé lundi à Rome à l'âge de 86 ans, a annoncé sa famille. Andrea Giordana, L'acteur italien de western spaghetti Bud Spencer, connu pour ses duos au cinéma avec Terence Hill, est décédé lundi à Rome à l'âge de 86 ans, a annoncé sa famille. Sergio Corbucci | Gian Maria Volontè, Tonino Valerii | Le western spaghetti concilie le goût pour le cinéma de genre auquel, depuis Cabiria, les Italiens sont attachés et le goût pour un cinéma politique qui se méfie des idéologies. Stars: COLORADO (Sergio Sollima, 1966) Le bon, la brute et le truand. Stars: Perhaps his most notable role in a western was playing Van Cleef’s Protégé in Day of Anger (1967). Voir plus d'idées sur le thème acteur western, westerns, actrice. Iris Berben, Votes: A true renaissance man, he has earned a law degree, registered several patents, became a certified commercial airline and helicopter pilot, founded the Spencer Scholarship fund, owned several businesses, worked at the Italian Embassy in Brazil, and even ventured a brief foray into Italian politics.Year of Induction: 2013, July 21, 1930 (Rome, Italy) - June 4, 2004 (Rio De Janeiro, Brazil) His hawk like features, menacing scowl, and imposing physical presence, ensured Van Cleef numerous lead roles as both the mature anti-hero, and as the ruthless villain. | Tomas Milian, Le filon du western italien a été particulièrement exploité entre 1963 et 1978 avec la production de 450 films. Lee Van Cleef, | Outside of the Italian western genre, his most notable role was in Dario Argento’s giallo Tenebre (1982) and Even Angels Eat Beans (1973), Angelique (1964), The Leopard (1963) and Mad Love (2001). | Sergio Corbucci Lee Van Cleef, Alberto de Mendoza, Not to welcome him. Lucio Fulci Voir plus d'idées sur le thème Acteur western, Westerns, Actrice. 109 min Steffen would go on to star in numerous non-westerns, including the Giallo cult favorite The Night Evelyn Came Out of the Grave (1971), but eventually retired from acting to live a jet setter’s lifestyle and settle down in Rio De Janeiro where he spent the remainder of his days.Year of Induction: 2010, January 9, 1925 (Somerville New Jersey, USA) – December 16, 1989 (Oxnard CA, USA) Director: Yanti Somer, Director: | | Director: | | Dominic Barto, Unrated 111 min Today, those three films, and Eastwood’s unforgettable portrayal of the laconic, anti-hero, “The Man With No Name”, have embedded themselves into the mainstream consciousness. L’acteur de westerns spaghetti George Hilton est décédé. Clint Eastwood, | Michele Lupo A hermit helps him believing he is a Jesus like figure. Born Jorge Hill Acosta y Lara, Hilton starred in a total of 21 Spaghetti Westerns. William Berger, Handsome and muscular, Harrison was one of the most prolific American import actors in the Spaghetti Western genre, starring in 17 such films, including one that he directed. He then went on play the lead in five Spaghetti Westerns, of which the best known is probably the unofficial “Django” Sequel, Django the Last Killer, as “Django”, a mentor to George Eastman. After the Civil War, Michael "California" Random, is released from prison and goes to Missouri with his partner William. | | Nieves Navarro, Not Rated Drama, War, Western. Sergio Leone Bud Spencer, Gina Rovere, PG Ajouter à la liste. Tonino Valerii Luigi Pistilli, Not Rated Sergio Leone Initially a character actor in many Hollywood westerns such as Hign Noon (1952), it wasn’t until he ventured to Italy that Van Cleef got his big break portraying the iconic “man in black”, a sort of father figure to Eastwood’s “man with no name” in For a Few Dollars More (1965). Gastone Moschin, Voir plus d'idées sur le thème acteur western, westerns, actrice. George Hilton, acteur culte des westerns spaghetti, est décédé Cette star du cinéma italien des années 70 est morte à Rome dimanche. He later changed his name to Bud Spencer, using a combination of Budweiser bear and Spencer Tracy. Aldo Sambrell, A Native American warrior called Navajo Joe seeks revenge on a gang of sadistic outlaws who has massacred the people of his tribe. John Steiner, Gianni De Luigi, PG-13 explosives expert rebel against the government and become heroes of the Mexican Revolution. $0.08M, R Sergio Corbucci In all, Gemma starred in 17 westerns over a 20 year period, almost all of which were box office bonanzas in Italy, including One Silver Dollar (1966), The White, the Yellow and the Black (1975) and The Price of Power' (1969). Stars: José Canalejas, A low-life bandit and an I.R.A. Maria Monti, Votes: 110 min Bit roles in South Pacific (1958) and Kronos (1957) lead to a supporting role in the sci fi film, Master of the World (1961). 29,902 Action, Adventure, Drama. Dans les faits, le scénario n'est qu'un prétexte à une chasse à l'homme dans les Alabama Hills de Lone Pine. July 21, 1930 (Rome, Italy) - June 4, 2004 (Rio De Janeiro, Brazil) The most prolific leading man of the Spaghetti Western genre was born Antonio Luiz De Teffè in Rome of noble Brazilian extraction, the multilingual Baron was billed often as Antonio De Teffe, but was known as Anthony Steffen in nearly all of the Spaghetti Westerns he appeared in. Director: | Gross: | 91 min Stars: Western. L’acteur de westerns spaghetti George Hilton est décédé. | Gross: Although he occasionally played the laconic, gritty tough guy typical of the genre, he more often played grinning, boyish, smart-mouthed heroes. Known by his nickname “Gidra” in his homeland, this talented Serbian actor put forth several memorable performances as a Spaghetti Western leading man. | José Bódalo, Lee Van Cleef, $5.32M, R Director: C'est une légende du western spaghetti qui s'est éteinte dimanche 28 juillet 2019, en Italie à l'âge de 85 ans. Western. | Not to hug him. Director: California decides to return the belongings to his family and help them against outlaws. $15.00M, R Action, Adventure, Comedy. Western. 99 min He first starred as the “Stranger” in A Stranger in Town (1967). Surprenant ! Stars: | Enzo Barboni | Director: Theatre director Don Albino Moncalieri and his only employee Guido Guidi are in desperate need of money. Sergio Corbucci He also won an Italian championship in 1954 as a water polo player. Even genre heavyweights Franco Nero and Lee Van Cleef were hard pressed to match the commercial success of Gemma’s westerns in his homeland. | Fernando Rey, PG L'acteur italien de western spaghetti Bud Spencer est mort à l'âge de 86 ans, a annoncé ce lundi soir sa famille. | Stars: Western. Along with Clint Eastwood, Van Cleef was one of the two most iconic American stars of Italian westerns. Susan George, L'acteur italien de western spaghetti Bud Spencer, connu pour ses duos au cinéma avec Terence Hill, est décédé lundi à Rome à l'âge de 86 ans, a annoncé sa famille. The Cuban-American who specialized in playing sly, sneering Mexican bandits and revolutionaries trained at New York’s Actor’s Studio and started out primarily in Italian art house films such as Boccaccio '70 (1962). Ferdinando Baldi https://www.allocine.fr/article/fichearticle_gen_carticle=18627517.html Stars: Espidito, survives the massacre of his entire village. | Stars: Terence Hill, Riccardo Garrone, A young gunfighter forms a tenuous alliance with an aging ex-outlaw to track down and eliminate the bandits who killed his family, till the surprising end. 4,252 Vittoria Febbi, On tour throughout Mexico they get by accident entangled in revolutionary activities. Director: In his final Spaghetti Western role, he played a Boston University Professor turned bandit in another box- office smash, Sergio Sollima’s Face to Face (1967), opposite Tomas Milian. DISPARITION - L’acteur d’origine uruguayenne, qui fit carrière en Italie, est décédé dimanche à l’âge de 85 ans. Sergio Sollima 98 min Stars: But even with all his Hollywood super-stardom, his roles in the “Man With No Name" trilogy remain among his most iconic achievement in film.Year of Induction: 2010, July 15, 1935 (Zadar, Italy now Croatia)- Gian Maria Volontè, Director: Tomas Milian, Horst Frank, Sergio Martino Bud Spencer, Ferdinando Baldi Tomas Milian, Stars: Giuliano Gemma, He is perhaps best known for starring in several Z-Grade exploitation pictures including Ninja Terminator (1985) and Ninja the Protector (1986), directed by the infamous Godfrey Ho, as well as Evil Spawn (1987) and Joe D’Amato’s Sex and Black Magic (1982). Eli Wallach, The film was both a critical and box office success and catapulted Milian into lead roles in other Italian westerns. He also had roles in a number of Jesus Franco films. 120 min Garko is best known for portraying one of the most popular and iconic characters in the Spaghetti Western genre, “Sartana”, in four films. Born Antonio Pettito, Anthony not only starred in several memorable Spaghetti Westerns, but was a producer, writer or both in all of these films as well. He also starred in the cult classic, Vengeance (1968) as well as Between God, the Devil and a Winchester (1968) and Holy Water Joe (1971). Director: | Directors: $6.10M, R Stars: A bounty hunting scam joins two men in an uneasy alliance against a third in a race to find a fortune in gold buried in a remote cemetery. Director: Western. Director: A greedy villain tries to coerce a woman into marrying him so he can take over her land, when a stranger rides into town intent on taking down the bad guys. Stars: Antonio Casas, Not Rated Federico Boido, PG Ernest Borgnine, | Walter Rilla, | Outside of the Spaghetti Western genre, he modeled for Pierre Cardin, worked at an Italian dubbing studio, and sang and performed in theatre productions. Nieves Navarro, PG-13 Sergio Corbucci A handsome and versatile actor, Volonte will always be remembered for playing opposite Clint Eastwood in two of the films in Sergio Leone’s “Man With No Name" trilogy. | But it is for his portrayal of the beloved anti-hero Sartana, for which he is most noted for.Year of Induction: 2010, September 22, 1938 (Rome, Italy)- October 1, 2013 (Civitavecchia, Italy) Nero would always stay close to the genre that made him a star however, playing the lead in over a dozen Italian-made Westerns including Keoma (1976), Companeros (1970), The Mercenary (1968), Massacre Time (1966) and Texas Adios (1967). 6 sept. 2017 - Découvrez le tableau "Western spaghetti" de Jérôme Deboosère sur Pinterest. | He also starred opposite George Martin and Edd Byrnes in another popular classic, Enzo G. Castellari’s Any Gun Can Play (1967). Two bounty hunters with the same intentions team up to track down a Western outlaw. | | Not Rated Parmi les meilleurs films de western d'Eastwood figure sa trilogie de western spaghetti : Pour une poignée de dollars, Et pour quelques dollars de plus, et Le bon, la brute et le truand. Décès de Bud Spencer, l'acteur Italien de western spaghetti. George Martin, 23,192 Hollywood Le Plus Grand Film - Film Western COMPLET en Français In his very first credited role, the youthful Hyrenbach was thrust into the lead of the Spaghetti Western, Fury of Johnny Kid (1967), under the pseudonym Arthur Grant. | | Vittorio Gassman, Voir plus d'idées sur le thème acteur western, westerns, actrice. | The manager of the Omaha ... See full summary », Director: | Gross: Stars: Jean Martin, | Gross: A bounty hunter arrives in a mining town and is hired to track down the missing daughter of the town's crippled mayor and learns she has been kidnapped by the mayor's corrupt right-hand-man and a band of outlaws he is secretly working for. However, he also starred in several films of higher quality, including the Euro-crime film, Beast with a Gun (1977).Year of Induction: 2012, March 29, 1939 (Venice, Italy)- Il arrive dans la ville de Blackstone, déterminé à venger son frère Charlie, lynché par les habitants du village après avoir dérobé l'argent de la banque. Born Mario Girotti, the blue-eyed actor initially played small parts in Italian and German films (including a couple of German Karl May westerns), but later adopted the name Terence Hill and starred in some of the most commercially successful Italian westerns ever made, many of them co-starring with Bud Spencer. Eduardo Fajardo, Giuliano Gemma, Duccio Tessari Outside of the western genre, he has had roles in over 100 films. Fernando Sancho, Stars: L'expression western-spaghetti , ou western italien (Western all'italiana en italien), désigne les westerns produits en Italie. Pier Paolo Pasolini, Depuis les années 1980, certains films sortant peuvent être considérés encore comme des western-spaghettis, tel que On m'appelle Malabar en 1981, Un dollar pour un mort en 1998, Doc West 1 et 2 sortis en 2009 et 2012. | Bud Spencer, Other Spaghetti Westerns include Black Jack (1968), El Puro (1969) in which he turned in a memorable performance as a drunken gunfighter, and the notorious Demofilo Fidani western, His Name Was Sam Walbash, But They Call Him Amen aka Savage Guns (1971). 92 min Stars: His real name was Dragomir Bojanić, but he was billed as Anthony Ghidra in all of his Spaghetti Western films. | | The Italian actor had a knack for playing psychotic and ruthless Mexican bandit leaders as he proved in A Fistful of Dollars (1964) (billed as Johnny Wels) and For a Few Dollars More (1965), both films bringing him his greatest recognition in America. Director: Michele Lupo Mario Adorf, Christa Linder, 104 min He continued to act until his death.Year of Induction: 2011, June 20, 1933 (Santa Ana CA, USA) - Stars: | | Nous utilisons des cookies et des outils similaires pour faciliter vos achats, fournir nos services, pour comprendre comment les clients utilisent nos services afin de pouvoir apporter des améliorations, et pour présenter des annonces.